Events and Exhibitions

Monday, 17. October, 14:00 o'clock to Wednesday, 19. October 2022, 12:30 o'clock

Childhood at War and Genocide
Children’s Experiences of Conflict in the 20th Century – Agency, Survival, Memory and Representation

International Conference / Annual Conference of the Fritz Bauer Institute

Center for Holocaust Studies at the
Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History
Leonrodstr. 52, Munich

The mass of scholarly works on Jewish and non-Jewish child survivors and youth of the Nazi era, and the studies of the ways young survivors were treated by relatives, adoptive parents, social workers, medical staff, and respective states in the aftermath of the Second World War, is constantly growing. Still, large research gaps remain, especially concerning the German war in the East. In addition, specific histories of child survivors of other genocides in the twenty century and beyond are lacking. However, thanks to the recent endorsement of child-centered historical methods and interdisciplinary approaches, the experiences and memories of child survivors of the 20th century wars and genocides have also begun to be investigated. This offers us a new and vital opportunity for systematic and focused comparative studies of timely topics such as the role of a child’s gender and agency as well as different social groups and resources that enabled the children to survive; family status, gender, and adoption of orphaned children in the aftermath of war and genocide; and the child survivors’ official state status, rehabilitation, education, and displacement, among others.

The conference brings innovative contributions which tackle case studies of children during war and genocide together and gives room to new approaches and questions. Nicholas Stargardt will deliver the Keynote Lecture on “Restoring the subjectivities of children in the Holocaust” and argue for an approach to interpreting these children's subjectivities. The keynote lecture is a public in-person event, a registration is necessary via email until October 13: zfhs(at)

The conference will take place in-person at the Leibniz Institute of Contemporary History, Munich, Germany with limited space available. If you are interested to join the conference, please send an email by October 10 to: zfhs(at)

Conference Program

Childhood at War and Genocide (pdf-file)


Dr. Anna Ullrich, Center for Holocaust Studies, Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History
Dr. Yuliya von Saal, Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History
Dr. Joanna Michlic, UCL Centre for Collective Violence, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, IAS
PD Dr. Tobias Freimüller, Fritz Bauer Institute

Cooperation Partners

Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History / Center for Holocaust Studies
UCL Centre for Collective Violence, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, IAS
Fritz Bauer Institute


Fritz Bauer Institut
Norbert-Wollheim-Platz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: +49 (0)69 798 322-40

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