Research and Teaching

Racial policy and aerial war in 1944/1945. The Theresienstadt subcamp Wulkow and the construction of an alternative site for the Reich Security Main Office in the last year of the war

Researcher: Nils Weigt M.A.

Funding: C. und N. Weickart scholarship of the Fritz Bauer Institute

In the last year of the war, the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) and other Nazi offices were relocated, among other places, to rural Brandenburg as the bomb-damaged capital Berlin was no longer safe enough. In March 1944, the SS assembled a work detachment in the Theresienstadt ghetto and deported a total of 343 men and 34 women, all of them Jews, to Wulkow, 300 kilometers away. There they had to build an »Ausweichstelle« (alternative site) to house, among other things, the RSHA sub-department IV B 4 (the so-called Eichmann-Referat), i.e. the command center of the Holocaust.

In general, the evacuation of Nazi offices from the Reich capital during the last months of the war is largely unexplored. The goal of this dissertation project is to write a multi-perspective history of the Ausweichstelle Wulkow and the prisoner command attached to it. Therefore, the decision-making processes, the actors involved, and the work areas of the IV B 4 department that were relocated will be examined, especially against the backdrop of the mass deportations from Hungary that were set in motion in 1944. At the same time, the research project focuses on the inmate society. A surprisingly large number of the Jews deported to Wulkow were considered so-called Mischlinge (people categorized by the Nazis as being of »mixed race«). The study therefore also analyzes the Nazi policy towards this group as well as their reactions to repression and persecution. In addition, the immediate environment of the camp as well as the construction site will also be studied.